August 1, 2008 By David Chibo
|Similarities||Gilgamesh Games||Mesopotamian Theme||Date of Transmission||Olympic Games||Greek Theme|
|Origin||Death of Gilgamesh||Funerary games conducted to remember the King Gilgamesh||776
704 BC (Archaeological)
Established by Zeus (Myth1)
Death of Peliops (Myth2)
1; Zeus, Myth 2: Peliops.
Fact : May have begun as funerary games, but no archaeological evidence at site of a grave or body.
|Time of Festival||Month of Abu (August) every year||Ritual
in which the ancient Sumerians remembered their dead ancestors. Yearly month
of the dead, festival of ghosts passing through the
||776 BC (Myth)||Began yearly every August then was changed to every 4 years.||The Olympiad may have changed to every 4 years due to the introduction of the chariot race.|
|Venue||Temple||Sanctuary for statue of the god.||NA||Sanctuary dedicated to the god and treasury for temple offerings.|
|Guardian||Statue of Gilgamesh in temple||
Funerary statue also acted as earthly vessel.
Focal point of the mourning rites and athletic games.
|776 BC (Myth)||Statue of Zeus in temple||Focal
point of temple at
|Title of Guardian||Judge of the Netherworld||Consolation for missing out on immortality as well as athletic games judge.||476 BC||Judge of Olympic Games||Zeus appointed judge of the Greek gods.|
Exorcism sacrifice (?)
Washing with Waters of Life
Lighting of Torches
Ritual séance for the dead that may have included an Exorcism ceremony that purified the statue of all malevolent deities returning from the Netherworld.
|776 BC (Myth)||Sacrifice
of pig in front of statue of Zeus.
Lighting of Torch.
|Sacrifice to Zeus, the Olympic Games’ chief deity.|
|Athletic Events||Athletic ‘Feats of strength’||Attainment of heroic glory and immortality.||~ 776 BC||Athletic Events||Attainment
of heroic glory.
Training for war during peace time.
|Victory Awards||Poplar wreath crown||
Used during purification rituals.
Also symbolic of Gilgamesh who was described as the poplar tree.
laurels used in different Greek games.
Olive wreath crown used in
|Sacred wreath crown of olive sprays for winners was the same worn by Zeus.|
||Offerings made to deities (?).||Altis||The sacred grove of Zeus.|
|Funerary Gifts||Funerary Gifts to accompany the dead to the grave||Gifts to bribe the deities of the netherworld||750-650 BC||Funerary gifts||Votive offerings.|
|Closing Ceremony||Banquet with Gilgamesh & the Anunnaki||Food offerings to the gods of the netherworld and King Gilgamesh||776 BC (Myth)||Banquet of Zeus||Athletic victory banquet.|
Table 4: Similarities between the Gilgamesh Games and the Olympic Games.
There are no comments